Grand Lake Meadows
 


 

 

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Project Descriptions
 
Grand Lake Meadows Pamphlet
Grand Lake Meadows Wetlands.
 
Ducks Unlimited and The St. John River Society
 
Wetlands of the Saint John River, form the largest freshwater wetland habitat in the Maritimes.
 
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Society Culture Environment
Bowden, Dr. Gary. (2000) Society, Culture, Environment. Preliminary Analysis: Socio-cultural Impact of Highway Routing.
 
Prepared for Grand Lake Meadows Project Management Committee.
 
The connection between individuals and their sense of place can be expressed in a variety of ways. This report focuses upon two basic expressions of such attachment – attitudes and behaviours. Each of these types of attachments is examined in terms of two questions – what is the strength of the public attachment to the Grand Lake Meadows; and what specific features of the Grand Lake Meadows underlie this attachment?  
 
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Scientific Literature Review
Legere, Joy T.I. (2001) Scientific Literature Review of Grand Lake Meadows.
 
Prepared for the Grand Lake Meadows Project Management Committee.
 
The purpose of this review was to present existing information about the fauna and the flora of Grand Lake Meadows and to determine where there is a lack of information. Information on faunal resources was divided into five groups: avian, mammal, herptile, invertebrate, and fish species: however, there is limited information on mammals, herptiles, and invertebrates. This paper found that certain species should be examined by further surveys or research, these being Yellow Rails, bats and pipistrelles, reptiles and amphibians, and invertebrates. The flora was examined and some rare plants were identified within the Grand Lake Meadows area. The vegetation structure of Grand Lake Meadows was classified into major vegetative associations.   
 
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20th Century Use Land Mapping Report
Paponnet-Cantat, Christiane and David W. Black. (2003) Twentieth-Century Land Use and Occupancy Mapping Project for the Grand Lake Meadows
 
New Brunswick. Department of Anthropology, University of New Brunswick.
 
Maps and Canadian census data indicate that land use and occupancy patterns within the Grand Lake Meadows have changed over the last one hundred years. A major shift within the region in terms of the relationships between its residents and their local resources, such as value of forest products and agricultural acreage has also changed significantly. Finally, the urban population, as indicated by the Canada Census data suggest that the Grand Lake Meadows and surrounding region is significantly more urban in the later portion of the 20th Century. However, topographic maps for the Grand Lake Meadows, as defined for the purpose of this report, indicate that the region is actually more rural towards the end of the 20th Century.  
 
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Small Mammals
Prepared by Dr. Graham Forbes and Shelley Morgan. (2003)
 
Small Mammals of the Grand Lake Meadows (poster).
 
Small mammals are an important part of the Grand Lake Meadows ecosystem. They till and aerate the soil, prey on insects, seeds, and invertebrates, and are a food source for predators such as owls and fox. Studies conducted on public lands in the Grand Lake Meadows area determined the presence of 9 small mammal species, not including bats. Another 3 species likely are present but are rarer and harder to catch. The most common species appear to be deer mouse, meadow jumping mouse, and short-tailed shrew.
 
Small Mammals (PDF Format 350 kb)
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Wolastoqiyik Ajemseg
Perley, Karen and Susan Blair, eds. (2003) Wolastoqiyik Ajemseg: The People of the Beautiful River at Jemseg. Volume 1: Important Stories and Spoken Histories.
 
Archaeological Services, Heritage Branch, Culture & Sport Secretariat, Province of New Brunswick.
 
Spoken histories reveal the strength of Wolastoqiyik’s connection to Jemseg. They show a broad pattern of similar activities that took place throughout the river valley. The histories give the reader a glimpse of Wolastoqiyik lifeways in the areas of subsistence, activities, events and beliefs surrounding their lives, and their contributions to the fabrication of the province of New Brunswick.  
 
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Wolastoqiyik Ajemseg
Blair, Susan, ed. (2003) Wolastoqiyik Ajemseg: The People of the Beautiful River at Jemseg. Volume 2: Archaeological Results.
 
Archaeological Services, Heritage Branch, Culture & Sport Secretariat, Province of New Brunswick.
 
Co-managed between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples, the Jemseg Crossing Archaeological Project achieved notable results. Directly involving Wolastoqiyik in all aspects of its implementation, the excavation was the largest to date on any Aboriginal site in the Maritimes. The site contained a major ancestral Wolastoqiyik settlement dating to between 2000 and 3000 years ago and there is also evidence on the site stretching back to more than 6000 years ago. The resulting information sheds light on periods of time that are very poorly understood in this region.  
 
Wolastoqiyik Ajemseg Vol 2 (PDF Format 12.5 mb)
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Through the Seasons
Grand Lake Meadows Wetland Education Program Grade 4-12 (2003)
 
Prepared for the Grand Lake Meadows Project Management Committee.
 
As seasons change so do the wetlands of Grand Lake. At different times of the year these wetlands have particular natural values and functions. Human interactions with these wetlands are also closely tied to the seasons. This education program is designed to illustrate the natural values and functions of Grand Lake Meadows throughout the year in a manner that also illustrates the seasonal importance of these wetlands to humans. This approach demonstrates that Grand Lake Meadows is important for its unique ecological features and cultural significance.  
 
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Teacher Kit 4-5
Grand Lake Meadows Project Management Committee (2004)
 
Grand Lake Meadows Wetland Education Program for Grade 4-5.
 
Welcome to the Grand Lake Meadows Wetland Education Program for Grade 4-5. Below you will find pdfs of information you will be able to use to guide your class through the activities we have developed for this program. The pdfs contain all of the activity sheets so you are able to print and photocopy multiple copies for your students. The slide presentation can be shown to your students on a laptop/LCD projector system.
 
Although this slide presentation was developed for older students the visuals will be exciting for younger students and will enable you to show your Grade 4-5 class some of the unique features of Grand Lake Meadows.
 
Grand Lake Meadows (Power Point Presentation 3.2 mb)
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Teacher Kit 6-8
Grand Lake Meadows Project Management Committee (2004)
 
Grand Lake Meadows Wetland Education Program for Grade 6-8.

Welcome to the Grand Lake Meadows Wetland Education Program for Grade 6-8. Below you will find pdfs of information you will be able to use to guide your class through the activities we have developed for this program. The pdfs contain all of the activity sheets so you are able to print and photocopy multiple copies for your students. The slide presentation can be shown to your students on a laptop/LCD projector system.
 
Grand Lake Meadows (Power Point Presentation 3.2 mb)
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Teacher Kit 9-12
Grand Lake Meadows Project Management Committee (2004)
 
Grand Lake Meadows Wetland Education Program for Grade 9-12.
 
Welcome to the Grand Lake Meadows Wetland Education Program for Grade 9-12.  Below you will find pdfs of information you will be able to use to guide your class through the activities we have developed for this program.  The pdfs contain all of the activity sheets so you are able to print and photocopy multiple copies for your students.  The slide presentation can be shown to your students on a laptop/LCD projector system.  

Teacher Kit Grade 9-12 (PDF Format 13.5 mb)
Grand Lake Meadows (Power Point Presentation 3.2 mb)

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Tantramar Wetlands Centre
The Tantramar Wetlands Centre. (2005)
 
Grand Lake Meadows Wetland Education Program Teacher’s Workshop, Final Report.
 
In 2003 the Grand Lake Meadows Project Management Committee (GLMPMC), lead by the New Brunswick Department of Natural Resources (NBDNR) implemented a Grand Lake Meadows Wetland Education Program. Funding for this program was provided through compensation dollars for habitat loss in Grand Lake Meadows from the construction of the new portion of the Trans-Canada highway in Jemseg. The initial phase of this project involved the creation of an education program for Grade 4-12 students. This program was designed to raise awareness of the natural and cultural significance of Grand Lake Meadows as a Provincially Significant Wetland.
 
In 2004 the New Brunswick Wildlife Federation completed the education program content and delivered it to the GLMPMC and NBDNR. In 2005, NBDNR implemented the second phase of this project which involved organizing a workshop to introduce the Grand Lake Meadows Wetland Education Program to teachers from schools throughout the Grand Lake region. The workshop was organized and delivered in Fredericton by staff from the Tantramar Wetlands Centre on October 21, 2005. This report provides the results of this workshop along with recommendations for the future direction of the program.  
 
Tantramar Wetlands Centre (PDF Format 125 kb)
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Botany Education Kit Grade 3
 
The NB Federaton of Naturalists. (2006) Grand Lake Meadows Botany Kit.
 
Plants of the Grand Lake Meadows: Grade 3, Plant Growth and Changes.

The Plants of the Grand Lake Meadows Education Guide is written primarily for the teachers and educators in school district 17. The NB Federation of Naturalists believes that it is important for teachers and students to learn more about local botany and this kit focuses on a local and significant wetland. This kit is a source of authoritative information, combined with hands-on classroom activities and lesson plans. It is keyed to the Grade 3 science curriculum.

Botany Education Kit Grade 3 Plant Growth Changes (PDF Format 16 mb)
Botany Education Kit Grade 3 Plant Growth Changes Flash Cards (PDF Format 1.5 mb)

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Botany Education Kit Grade 12
The NB Federaton of Naturalists. (2006) Grand Lake Meadows Botany Kit.
 
Plants of the Grand Lake Meadows: Grade 12, Environmental Science.

The Plants of the Grand Lake Meadows Education Guide is written primarily for the teachers and educators in school district 17. The NB Federation of Naturalists believes that it is important for teachers and students to learn more about local botany and this kit focuses on a local and significant wetland. This kit is a source of authoritative information, combined with hands-on classroom activities and lesson plans. It is keyed to the Grade 12 environmental science curriculum.

Botany Education Kit Grade 12 Environmental Science (PDF Format 23 mb)
Grade 12 (Power Point Presentation 29 mb)

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Flora of the Grand Lake Meadows
Papoulias, M., M. Chaplin and G. Bishop (2006). Flora of the Grand Lake Meadows: Results of a vascular plant inventory and community ecology study of the Grand Lake Meadows Project Boundary Area.
 
New Brunswick Federation of Naturalists, Fredericton, N.B.
 
The Grand Lake Meadows is New Brunswick's largest wetland complex and is located within the Grand Lake Lowlands eco-region. The Grand Lake Meadows Project Boundary Area (PBA) can be considered a highly diverse and unique parcel of land, at both the species and ecosystem level. The floristic communities of the PBA contain an assemblage of species which are rarely found elsewhere in the province, making this an exceptional and ecologically significant wetland. This study catalogues all vascular plant species within the PBA and describes the diversity of habitat community types.   
 
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