Yellow Lamp Mussel, Courtesy of the New Brunswick
Fish, drawing by Cheryl Bogart, Queens County Museum
During summer, winter and some fall periods fish habitat within Grand Lake
Meadows is limited to small permanent ponds, Upper Timber Lake, Lower
Timber Lake, Burpee Lake, Trout Creek and a series of inlets that enter the
“meadows’’ from Grand Lake.
Currently, data for fish populations is
available only for a sample of the permanent ponds, Trout Creek and minimal
information exists for flooded (spring freshet) Meadows wetlands. There are
eight species of fish that are resident to the Meadows during summer and
low water fall periods. These are: Yellow Perch, White Sucker, Golden
Shiner, Brown Bullhead, Chain Pickerel, American Eel, Gaspereau, and
Pumpkinseed. Some of these species may be trapped in these aquatic habitats
as the spring flood water recedes.
During the freshet much of the Meadows
is flooded and becomes potential fish habitat. Additional species that have
been found on the Meadows during these high water
conditions are Lake
Whitefish and White Perch.
While Brown Bullhead and Yellow Perch are the most abundant species during
low water conditions, Gaspereau is by far the most numerous species
during the freshet. Gaspereau and Lake Whitefish appear to use the flooded
meadows as a
spring migratory route to spawning areas.
It may well be that
the Meadows is most important
as spawning, incubation and nursery habitat
variety of species including: Gaspereau, Yellow Perch,
and White Sucker. It would appear
that winter fish populations within the
virtually non-existent because of low oxygen levels in
Also in the St. John River in the immediate vicinity of
the Grand Lake
Meadows there are colonies of yellow
lamp mussels, a rare species of
fresh-water mussel that
may very well be in adjacent creeks and ponds
the Protected Natural Area.